BÀI TẬP NGỮ PHÁP

CHỦ ĐỀ 17 – CONJUNCTIONS (LIÊN TỪ)

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The sky was gray and cloudy. ________, we went to the beach.

A. Consequently               B. Nevertheless           C. Even though           D. In spite of

2. I turned on the fan __________ the room was hot.

A. due to                           B. despite                    C. even though            D. because

3. Sam and I will meet you at the restaurant tonight ________ we can find a baby-sitter.

A. although                       B. unless                      C. otherwise                D. only if

4. Carol showed up for the meeting ________ I asked her not to be there.

A. even though                 B. despite                    C. provided that          D. because

5. You must lend me the money for the trip. ________, I won’t be able to go.

A. Consequently               B. Nevertheless           C. Otherwise               D. Although

6. The road will remain safe ________ the flood washes out the bridge.

A. as long as                      B. unless                      C. providing that         D. since

7. The roles of men and women were not the same in ancient Greece. For example, men were both participants and spectators in the ancient Olympics. Women, ________ were forbidden to attend or participate.

A. nevertheless                                                      B. on the other hand  

C. therefore                                                           D. otherwise

8. The windows were all left open. _____, the room was a real mess after the windstorm.

A. Nevertheless                 B. However                 C. Consequently         D. Otherwise

9. It looks like they’re going to succeed ________ their present difficulties.

A. despite                          B. because of              C. even though            D. yet

10. ________ Marge is an honest person, I still wonder whether she’s telling the truth about the incident.

A. In spite of                     B. Since                       C. Though                   D. In the event that

11. The professor told me that I was doing well, ________ my final grade was awful!

A. so                                  B. therefore                 C. in spite of               D. yet

12. ________ Beth has a new car, she no longer takes the commuter train to work. She drives to work every day.

A. Now that                      B. While                      C. Although                D. In case

13.  You’d better give me your answer quickly, ________ I’ll withdraw the invitation.

A. although                       B. nevertheless            C. even though            D. or else

14. What time do you expect Ted to be home? I must talk to him. I usually go to bed around ten, but tell him to call me tonight ________ it’s past midnight.

A. however                       B. in case                     C. even if                    D. as long as

15. ____ you’re going to the fruit market, would you please pick up a few apples for me?

A. Even if                         B. Although                C. So                           D. As long as

16. I guess I’m a soft touch. I just lent Jan some money for lunch ________ she never paid me back my last loan.

A. even though                 B. unless                      C. or else                     D. only if

17. I think I did okay in my speech last night _____ I’d had almost no sleep for 24 hours.

A. even                              B. in spite of               C. unless          D. despite the fact that

18. I asked Angela to run the office while I’m gone _______ I know I can depend on her.

A. unless                           B. since                       C. although                 D. therefore

19. ________ I heard the telephone ring, I didn’t answer it.

A. Because                        B. Only if                    C. Even though           D. Provided that

20. ________ the salary meets my expectations. I will accept the job offer.

A. Due to                          B. Even if                    C. Provided that         D. Unless

21. To power their inventions, people have made use of natural energy sources, _______  coal, oil, water, and steam.

A. in addition to               B. as                            C. and they use           D. such as

22. ________ excellent art museums, Moscow has a world-famous ballet company.

A. Because of                   B. In spite of               C. In case of                D. In addition to

23. Alex cannot express himself clearly and correctly in writing. He will never advance in his job ________ he improves his language skills.

A. otherwise                      B. if                             C. only if                     D. unless

24. ________ there was no electricity, I was able to read because I had a candle.

A. Unless                          B. Even though           C. Even                       D. Only if

25. A fire must have a readily available supply of oxygen. ________ it will stop burning.

A. Consequently               B. Furthermore            C. Otherwise               D. However

26. I studied Spanish for four years in high school. ________, I had trouble talking with people when I was traveling in Spain.

A. Therefore                                                          B. On the other hand

C. Moreover                                                          D. Nevertheless

27. I am afraid that the company is in deep trouble. ________, we are going to make some people redundant.

A. Therefore                  B. However                   C. But                            D. And

28. I like to keep the windows open at night no matter how cold it gets. My wife, ______, prefers a warm bedroom with all windows tightly shut.

A. nevertheless                  B. consequently          C. on the other hand               D. moreover

29. Some fish can survive only in salt water, ________ other species can live only in fresh water.

A. whereas                        B. unless                      C. if                             D. since

30. ________ Jason became famous, he has ignored his old friends. He shouldn’t do that.

A. If                                  B. Ever since               C. Even though           D. Due to

31. We’re going to lose this game ________ the team doesn’t start playing better soon.

A. if                                   B. unless                      C. although                 D. whereas

32. Jack insisted that he didn’t need any help, ________ I helped him anyway.

A. and                               B. so                            C. besides                    D. but

33. Florida is famous for its tourist attractions. Its coastline offers excellent white sand beaches. ________, it has warm, sunny weather.

A. Otherwise                                                         B. Furthermore

C. Nevertheless                                                     D. On the other hand

34. The flowers will soon start to bloom ________ winter is gone and the weather is beginning to get warmer.

A. even if                          B. now that                 C. so                            D. even though

35. Only if you promise to study hard ________ to tutor you.

A. will I agree                   B. agree I                    C. I agree                    D. I will agree

II. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting:

  1. I was such nervous that I didn’t think I would pass the exam.

                 A                   B               C                    D

  1. Many teachers have devoted all their lives to teaching so teaching is not a well paid job.

                                    A            B                                    C                D

  1. They can speak English and use a computer so as to they can easily get a good job.

                    A                                  B                        C                               D

  1. Despite she was in her middle age, she looked very graceful and charming.

           A                   B                                         C                       D

  1. The prices of accommodation are as big that many people cannot afford to buy a house.                      

                                                       A   B                                       C                      D

II. Write a new sentence with the same meaning. Use the word(s) given.

41. He couldn’t sleep although he was very tired. (in spite of)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

42. Although he’s got a Vietnamese name, he’s in fact a Cambodian. (despite)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

43. In spite of her injured feet, she managed to get home before dark. (although)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

44. In spite of not having eaten for three days, he didn’t feel hungry. (even though)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

45. He decided to get the job although the salary was low. (in spite of)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

46. They lost the match, although they were a better team. (despite)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

47. We didn’t go fishing because the water was rough. (because of)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

48. She stayed at home because of her mother’s sickness. (because)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

49. Although Mr. David is rich, he couldn’t afford to buy such a villa. (in spite of)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

50. Despite my like for black coffee, I cannot drink it in the evening. (although)

à ………………………………………………………………………………….

ĐÁP ÁN

I.

1. The sky was gray and cloudy. ________, we went to the beach.

A. Consequently               B. Nevertheless          C. Even though           D. In spite of

Nevertheless: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “tuy vậy, tuy nhiên”

2. I turned on the fan __________ the room was hot.

A. due to                           B. despite                    C. even though            D. because

Because: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “bởi vì”

3. Sam and I will meet you at the restaurant tonight ________ we can find a baby-sitter.

A. although                       B. unless                      C. otherwise                D. only if

Only if: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “chỉ nếu như / chỉ khi”

4. Carol showed up for the meeting ________ I asked her not to be there.

A. even though                B. despite                    C. provided that          D. because

Even though: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “mặc dù”

5. You must lend me the money for the trip. ________, I won’t be able to go.

A. Consequently               B. Nevertheless           C. Otherwise              D. Although

Otherwise nghĩa là “nếu không thì…”

6. The road will remain safe ________ the flood washes out the bridge.

A. as long as                      B. unless                     C. providing that         D. since

Unless  = if not (nếu không)

7. The roles of men and women were not the same in ancient Greece. For example, men were both participants and spectators in the ancient Olympics. Women, ________ were forbidden to attend or participate.

A. nevertheless                                                      B. on the other hand

C. therefore                                                           D. otherwise

On the other hand diễn tả 2 ý đối lập nhau, nghĩa là “mặt khác, trái lại”

8. The windows were all left open. _____, the room was a real mess after the windstorm.

A. Nevertheless                 B. However                 C. Consequently        D. Otherwise

Consequently diễn tả một kết quả, nghĩa là “vì vậy, cho nên”

9. It looks like they’re going to succeed ________ their present difficulties.

A. despite                         B. because of              C. even though            D. yet

Despite đứng trước một danh từ / cụm từ, có nghĩa là “tuy nhiên, mặc dù”

10. ________ Marge is an honest person, I still wonder whether she’s telling the truth about the incident.

A. In spite of                     B. Since                       C. Though                  D. In the event that

Though đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “tuy nhiên, mặc dù”

11. The professor told me that I was doing well, ________ my final grade was awful!

A. so                                  B. therefore                 C. in spite of               D. yet

Yet  = but, có nghĩa là “nhưng mà”

12. ________ Beth has a new car, she no longer takes the commuter train to work. She drives to work every day.

A. Now that                     B. While                      C. Although                D. In case

Now that  = Because (bởi vì)

13.  You’d better give me your answer quickly, ________ I’ll withdraw the invitation.

A. although                       B. nevertheless            C. even though            D. or else

Or else  = otherwise (nếu không thì)

14. What time do you expect Ted to be home? I must talk to him. I usually go to bed around ten, but tell him to call me tonight ________ it’s past midnight.

A. however                       B. in case                     C. even if                    D. as long as

Even if đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “ngay cả nếu / ngay cả khi”

15. ____ you’re going to the fruit market, would you please pick up a few apples for me?

A. Even if                         B. Although                C. So                           D. As long as

As long as đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “trong trường hợp mà / miễn là”

16. I guess I’m a soft touch. I just lent Jan some money for lunch ________ she never paid me back my last loan.

A. even though                B. unless                      C. or else                     D. only if

Even though: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “mặc dù”

17. I think I did okay in my speech last night _____ I’d had almost no sleep for 24 hours.

A. even                              B. in spite of               C. unless          D. despite the fact that

Despite the fact that: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “mặc dù”

18. I asked Angela to run the office while I’m gone _______ I know I can depend on her.

A. unless                           B. since                       C. although                 D. therefore

Since đứng trước mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “bởi vì”

19. ________ I heard the telephone ring, I didn’t answer it.

A. Because                        B. Only if                    C. Even though         D. Provided that

Even though: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “mặc dù”

20. ________ the salary meets my expectations. I will accept the job offer.

A. Due to                          B. Even if                    C. Provided that         D. Unless

Unless  = if not (nếu không)

21. To power their inventions, people have made use of natural energy sources, _______  coal, oil, water, and steam.

A. in addition to               B. as                            C. and they use           D. such as

Such as = like / for example, nghĩa là “ví dụ như là”

22. ________ excellent art museums, Moscow has a world-famous ballet company.

A. Because of                   B. In spite of               C. In case of                D. In addition to

In addition to đứng trước một cụm từ, có nghĩa là “ngoài ra / thêm vào đó”

23. Alex cannot express himself clearly and correctly in writing. He will never advance in his job ________ he improves his language skills.

A. otherwise                      B. if                             C. only if                     D. unless

Unless  = if not (nếu không)

24. ________ there was no electricity, I was able to read because I had a candle.

A. Unless                          B. Even though          C. Even                       D. Only if

Even though: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “mặc dù”

25. A fire must have a readily available supply of oxygen. ________ it will stop burning.

A. Consequently               B. Furthermore            C. Otherwise              D. However

Otherwise có nghĩa là “nếu không thì…”

26. I studied Spanish for four years in high school. ________, I had trouble talking with people when I was traveling in Spain.

A. Therefore                                                          B. On the other hand

C. Moreover                                                          D. Nevertheless

Nevertheless: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “tuy vậy, tuy nhiên”

27. I am afraid that the company is in deep trouble. ________, we are going to make some people redundant.

A. Therefore                 B. However                   C. But                            D. And

Therefore: đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “do đó / vì vậy”

28. I like to keep the windows open at night no matter how cold it gets. My wife, ______, prefers a warm bedroom with all windows tightly shut.

A. nevertheless                  B. consequently          C. on the other hand             D. moreover

On the other hand diễn tả 2 ý đối lập nhau, nghĩa là “mặt khác, trái lại”

29. Some fish can survive only in salt water, ________ other species can live only in fresh water.

A. whereas                       B. unless                      C. if                             D. since

Whereas diễn tả sự đối lập ý giữa 2 mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “trong khi đó”

30. ________ Jason became famous, he has ignored his old friends. He shouldn’t do that.

A. If                                  B. Ever since              C. Even though           D. Due to

Ever since đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “kể từ khi”

31. We’re going to lose this game ________ the team doesn’t start playing better soon.

A. if                                   B. unless                      C. although                 D. whereas

If đứng trước mệnh đề trong câu điều kiện, mang ý nghĩa giả định (nếu điều gì đó xảy ra)

32. Jack insisted that he didn’t need any help, ________ I helped him anyway.

A. and                               B. so                            C. besides                    D. but

But đứng trước một mệnh đề, có nghĩa là “nhưng” (chỉ ý đối lập)

33. Florida is famous for its tourist attractions. Its coastline offers excellent white sand beaches. ________, it has warm, sunny weather.

A. Otherwise                                                         B. Furthermore

C. Nevertheless                                                     D. On the other hand

Furthermore đứng trước một mệnh đề hoặc câu, nghĩa là “ngoài ra, hơn nữa, thêm vào đó”

34. The flowers will soon start to bloom ________ winter is gone and the weather is beginning to get warmer.

A. even if                          B. now that                C. so                            D. even though

Now that = because (bởi vì)

35. Only if you promise to study hard ________ to tutor you.

A. will I agree                  B. agree I                    C. I agree                    D. I will agree

Cấu trúc câu đảo ngữ: Only if + mệnh đề + trợ động từ + chủ từ + động từ chính

II.

  1. I was such nervous that I didn’t think I would pass the exam.

                 A                   B               C                    D

Đổi “such” thành “so”. “So” đứng trước tính từ trong mệnh đề so…that

  1. Many teachers have devoted  all their lives to teaching so teaching is not a well paid job.

                                    A             B                                    C                D

Đổi “so” thành “although / though” (mặc dù)

  1. They can speak English and use a computer so as to they can easily get a good job.

                    A                                  B                        C                              D

Đổi “so as to” thành “so” (cho nên, vì vậy)

  1. Despite she was in her middle age, she looked very graceful and charming.

           A                   B                                         C                       D

Đổi “despite” thành “although” vì saau although là mệnh đề.

  1. The prices of accommodation are as big that many people cannot afford to buy a house.                

                                                       A   B                                       C                      D

Đổi “as” thành “so”. Cấu trúc “so…that” có nghĩa là quá…đến nỗi mà…

III.

  1. He couldn’t sleep although he was very tired. (in spite of)

à He couldn’t sleep in spite of being tired.

In spite of đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

  1.  Although he’s got a Vietnamese name, he’s in fact a Cambodian. (despite)

à Despite having got a Vietnamese name, he’s in fact a Cambodian.

Despite đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

  1.  In spite of her injured feet, she managed to get home before dark. (although)

à Although her feet were injured, she managed to get home before dark.

Although đứng trước một mệnh đề

44. In spite of not having eaten for three days, he didn’t feel hungry. (even though)

à Even though he had not eaten for three days, he didn’t feel hungry.

Even though đứng trước một mệnh đề

45. He decided to get the job although the salary was low. (in spite of)

à He decided to get the job in spite of the low salary.

In spite of đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

46. They lost the match, although they were a better team. (despite)

à They lost the match despite being a better team.

Despite đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

47. We didn’t go fishing because the water was rough. (because of)

à We didn’t go fishing because of the rough water.

Because of đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

48. She stayed at home because of her mother’s sickness. (because)

à She stayed at home because her mother was sick.

Because đứng trước một mệnh đề

49. Although Mr. David is rich, he couldn’t afford to buy such a villa. (in spite of)

à In spite of being rich, he couldn’t afford to buy such a villa.

In spite of đứng trước danh từ / cụm danh từ / động từ thêm -ing

50. Despite my like for black coffee, I cannot drink it in the evening. (although)

à Although I like black coffee, I cannot drink it in the evening.

Although đứng trước một mệnh đề                                                                     

 


 Trở về

Bài viết liên quan